What can cities do to create jobs, especially for young people?
Job creation and employment policy are typically seen either to be the responsibility of economic policy makers or best left to the private sector? However, mayors and local governments have a number of areas of comparative advantage in the field of job creation. This topic explores and asks participants to share ideas and experiences on how cities can stimulate job creation, particularly for young people. Please share your ideas, either within the framework of the ideas “polled” below or through other thoughts and suggestions.
The eDebate will hopefully weigh in on the policy debate, one side of which views employment creation as a human right and an economic and social goal on its own right, and the other side of which viewing employment as a goal to be pursued indirectly, a result of economic growth and private sector development. Different definitions of what constitutes full employment and the role of employment creation in poverty reduction will also be discussed. The specific issue of youth employment will furthermore be addressed including a discussion of targeted approaches and the role of youth employment within broader employment policy. I would be interested in discussion of youth employment in concrete country contexts, including the role which youth unemployment and underemployment has played in fueling recent unrest in North Africa and the Middle East.
Here is some background on youth employment to help kick start discussion:
Youth have been particularly hard hit by the crisis
Latest figures from the 2012 ILO Global Employment Trends report:
In 2011, 74.8 million youth aged 15–24 were unemployed, an increase of more than 4 million since 2007. The global youth unemployment rate, at 12.7 per cent, remains a full percentage point higher than the pre-crisis level. Globally, young people are nearly three times as likely as adults to be unemployed. In addition, an estimated 6.4 million young people have given up hope of finding a job and have dropped out of the labour market altogether. Even those young people who are employed are increasingly likely to find themselves in part-time employment and often on temporary contracts. In developing countries, youth are disproportionately among the working poor. As the number and share of unemployed youth is projected to remain essentially unchanged in 2012, and as the share of young people withdrawing from the labour market altogether continues to rise, on the present course there is little hope for a substantial improvement in near-term employment prospects for young people. (http://www.ilo.org/global/publications/books/global-employment-trends/WCMS_171571/lang--en/index.htm )
Youth employment appears to be a top priority, but policy makers are still grasping for solutions.
Creating Jobs for Youth - IFC CEO Lars Thunell, World Economic Forum:
Jose Manuel Salazar of the ILO: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vCNoznW27tA
Putting youth employment in country contexts