Equity versus equality?
Debates in policy and governance studies have often contrasted the ideas of ‘equality’ and ‘equity’. Equality is usually taken to mean that everyone should be treated the same (due to the fundamental equality of all persons), whereas an equity approach holds that groups and individuals should be treated according to their particular circumstances and requirements. Equity recognizes that some people have to overcome obstacles to access resources or opportunities. Therefore, groups can be treated differently in the application of policy or the law, so as to compensate for these obstacles, and to produce just or fair outcomes.
Which concept is a better starting point for thinking about cities and distributive policy?